Bhai Lena was appointed by him as his successor and was renamed, Guru Angad. [60], Many Sikhs believe that Guru Nanak's message was divinely revealed, as his own words in Guru Granth Sahib state that his teachings are as he has received them from the Creator Himself. His father Mehta Kalu and mother Mata Tripta belonged to the merchant caste. That day, after the evening prayers, he made Lehna the Guru. Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism and the first of the ten Sikh Gurus died 476 years ago on September 22, 1539 at the age of 70. Therefore, holding Nanak's birth anniversary celebrations immediately after Baisakhi would have resulted in thin attendance, and therefore, smaller donations for the Sikh shrines. Guru Nanak (1469-1539) was one of the greatest religious innovators of all time and the founder of the Sikh religion. His father was the local patwari (accountant) in the village of Talwandi. [36], The Baghdad inscription remains the basis of writing by Indian scholars that Guru Nanak journeyed in the Middle East, with some claiming he visited Jerusalem, Mecca, Vatican, Azerbaijan and Sudan. Guru Nanak was born on 15 April 1469, in Rāi Bhoi Kī Talvaṇḍī (present day Nankana Sahib, Punjab, Pakistan) near Lahore, into a Hindu family. Guru Nanak was born into a Hindu family in 1469. The earliest biographical sources on Nanak's life recognised today are the janamsakhis ('birth stories'), which recount the circumstances of the guru's birth in great detail. One day, his father, after consulting his wife, told Guru Nanak “Nanak, now you are … Nānak ou Gurū Nānak Dev 1 (en penjabi, ਗਰ ਨਨਕ ਦਵ (Gurū Nānak Dev)) (15 avril2 1469, à Talwandi dans l'actuel Pendjab pakistanais - 7 mai3 1539, à Kartarpur, Penjab indien) était un mystique et poète indien, maître fondateur du Sikhisme et premier des dix Gurus du sikhisme4. Gurdwara Kartarpur Sahib – the first Gurdwara – was built in 1522, where Guru Nanak is said to have died. Details of Guru Nanak’s birth are given in the fourth sakhi and his father was Kalu, a Bedi and his mother Mata Tripta. The mother goddess Mantras- remedies for all miseries, defilement and ensuring Welfare. [34][38], Some of the stories about Guru Nanak's extensive travels first appear in the 19th-century Puratan janamsakhi, though even this version does not mention Nanak's travel to Baghdad. Don't do this in initial five years of marriage! The critical event of his life in Sultanpur, in which he returned after three days with enlightenment, also supports this belief. Over a period of time, these shrines were washed away twice by the flooding of the river and were rebuilt again and again. Guru Nanak then requested that the prayers of Sohila and Japji Sahib be uttered. Guru Nanak Dev Ji was known for his political, social and spiritual beliefs which were based on love, equality, fraternity, and virtue. The Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims decided they would built two separate memorials in praise of the Divine Master. Gyan-ratanavali is the janamsakhi attributed to Bhai Mani Singh, a disciple of Guru Gobind Singh who was approached by some Sikhs with a request that he should prepare an authentic account of Guru Nanak's life. [34] Such embellishments and insertion of new stories, according to Callewaert and Snell (1993), closely parallel claims of miracles by Islamic pirs found in Sufi tadhkirahs of the same era, giving reason to believe that these legends may have been written in a competition. [28], Around the age of 55, Nanak settled in Kartarpur, living there until his death in September 1539. (, "Historically, Sikh religion derives from this, "Technically this would place the Sikh community's origins at a much further remove than 1469, perhaps to the dawning of the Sant movement, which possesses clear affinities to Guru Nanak's thought sometime in the tenth century. profit one COUId gain from the money. One popular janamsakhi was allegedly written by a close companion of the Guru, Bhai Bala. One Indian tradition states that after Nanak’s passing, there was controversy with Hindu and Muslim followers wishing to bury Guru Nanak in different forms. [53], Through popular tradition, Nanak's teaching is understood to be practised in three ways:[54], Nanak is considered the founder of Sikhism. The Muslims wanted to bury the body as per their customs, the Hindus and Sikhs felt it was appropriate to cremate his holy body as per their traditions. Mardana passed away in 1534. Also, all the flowers placed by all the three communities remained fresher than before. To put an end to the arguments, they approached the master to settle the disputes. Kartarpur – meaning the abode of God – is located near river Ravi in Pakistan, about four kilometers from the Dera Baba Nanak shrine in India. By the time of his death, Nanak had acquired several followers in the Punjab region, although it is hard to estimate their number based on the extant historical evidence. Bhai Bala is said to have obtained Nanak's horoscope from Nanak's uncle Lalu, according to which, Nanak was born on a date corresponding to 20 October 1469 CE. Rather, they include all Sikh Gurus, as well as the words of men and women from Nanak's past, present, and future, who possess divine knowledge intuitively through meditation. Guru Nanak Jayanti 2020 date: This year, Sikhs will observe the 551st birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Guru Nanan Dev Ji talked to them in detail on this. He settled and continued his ministry in Kartarpur where eventually he breathed his last, designating his disciple Lehna to receive the jot of his spiritual light, and succeed him as Second Guru … Guru Nanak Dev Ji died from old age. In his teachings, Guru Nanak emphasized that God has created many worlds and also created life. During this period, he went on short journeys to the Nath yogi centre of Achal, and the Sufi centres of Pakpattan and Multan. [49], The Adi Granth and successive Sikh Gurus repeatedly emphasised, suggests Mandair (2013), that Sikhism is "not about hearing voices from God, but it is about changing the nature of the human mind, and anyone can achieve direct experience and spiritual perfection at any time. Able to locate and verify them this further suggests that he undertook five journeys ( Udasis ) in his,! Two competing theories on Guru Nanak, of course, wrote how guru nanak died poetry in.... 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